Nursing contributes to protecting and improving people's health, safety and wellbeing, preventing illnesses and their consequences, and favouring sustainability in the health service. Nurses are experts in providing treatment to meet the health requirements of people, families and social groups at different stages in their lives and in situations arising from health problems. They can identify people's abilities and establish support methods to compensate for their limitations, advise them, provide support, teach them and promote a favourable environment for their development.
The Health Professions Management Act (2003) states that nursing graduates are responsible for managing, assessing and providing nursing treatment aimed at promoting, maintaining and recovering health, as well as preventing illnesses and disabilities. The professional profile for general nursing practitioners arises from a social commitment to promote, improve and re-establish people's health, managing technological, scientific and human resources to lead, prescribe and dispense quality treatment for users, families and communities.
Nursing certification enables graduates to carry out regulated activities in Spain and is in line with the following governing regulations for professional work:
- Order 12388 CIN/2134/2008 of 3rd July, whereby the requirements for verifying official university titles enabling graduates to work in the nursing profession are set out. BOE no. 174.
- Royal Decree 1393/2007, of 20th October, whereby the management of official university courses is set out.
- Act 44/2003, of 21st November, on health professions management.
- Directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications.
- Directive 77/452/EEC and 77/453/EEC on nurses responsible for general care.
- RD 55/2005 of 21st January. Proposal factsheet for university degree titles.
Future professionals must be able to work in different social areas and health institutions in local, national and international contexts, responsibly undertaking the main inherent tasks in their role. In order to effectively play their role, training must be based on the following foundations:
- Combining advanced scientific, technological and biomedical knowledge of healthcare in their decisions and activities, always in line with ethical principles in application thereof.
- Acquiring the skills to recognise and undertake their role independently and as part of interdisciplinary teams that ensure effective and quality resolution of people's healthcare issues.
- Understanding the complexity and diversity of human beings, taking difference into account as an inherent aspect of individuals who live and work in different political, social and cultural contexts. Nurses shall understand that the determining factors for health regulate treatment demand and how to provide it.
- Developing a critical and creative viewpoint to guide them in quality practice and research.
In accordance with the Nursing White Paper and Order CIN/2134/2008, the following have been established as general objectives for the Degree in Nursing:
- Acquiring wide-ranging knowledge of nursing, health, human and social sciences to provide a response to meet the health needs and expectations of individuals, families, groups and communities.
- Promoting and respecting the right of participation, information, independence and informed consent in decision-making of those affected, in accordance with how they are experiencing their health-illness condition.
- Understanding interactive behaviour of individuals based on their gender, group or community within their social and multicultural context.
- Designing treatment systems aimed at individuals, families or groups, assessing their impact and establishing the appropriate modifications in accordance with the quality and safety levels established in applicable legal and ethical codes.
- Basing nursing interventions on scientific evidence and available resources.
- Working with a *multi- and interdisciplinary team of professionals, and other professionals at health organisations.
- Developing the ability to establish positive relationships with people placed under your treatment supervision.
- Acquiring the necessary skills to develop a critical and reflective approach.
To ensure easier adaptation for new students and their development, the following personal and academic characteristics are specified for the ideal candidate on the curriculum, which are closely linked to the Nursing graduate profile:
- At an academic level, students are recommended to have pre-degree knowledge linked to Health Sciences. They also need to be able to express themselves correctly orally and in writing in Spanish and Catalan. It is also essential to have basic knowledge enabling them to understand, write and speak English, as well as handle core IT tools.
- At a personal level, the characteristics and approaches deemed appropriate to commit to the nursing profession are as follow:
- An interest in scientific knowledge and aspects linked to health and social issues.
- A social and ethical commitment.
- An ability for empathy, communication and interpersonal relationships.
- An ability for teamwork.
- An ability for analysis and reflection, problem-solving and decision-making.
Professional Careers and Pathways
Professional activities as per working areas are as follows:
- Healthcare (primary healthcare, specialised care, public healthcare)
The professional postgraduate academic pathways for graduates include:
- Access to official masters and doctorate studies (Regulatory Agreement of 22nd November 2011 whereby the Management Regulations for Official University Bachelors and Masters Courses at the University of the Balearic Islands are approved https://seu.uib.cat/fou/acord/100/10040.html and Decree 43/2015 of 2nd February modifying Royal Decree 1393/2007 of 29th October that establishes the management of official university titles and Royal Decree 99/2011 of 28th January that regulates official doctoral studies http://boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=boe-a-2015-943)
- The specialist nursing practitioner title, issued by the Ministry of Education and Science (Royal Decree 450/2005 of 22nd April on Nursing Specialities (B.O.I. of 6th May) http://www.msssi.gob.es/profesionales/formacion/espenfermeria.htm)
Physiotherapy concentrates on the analysis and application of physical resources and agents to promote and maintain health, the prevention and treatment of illnesses, and the recovery and rehabilitation of individuals throughout their lives. For this reason, it offers expert intervention in treating healthy individuals, as well as those who are suffering some form of anomaly, deficiency, functional limitation, disability, incapacity or other changes to physical function and health conditions by using specific methods, procedures, techniques and tools.
As a profession, physiotherapy is well-rooted in most European countries. It is a regulated graduate health profession with a governing body within its own sphere, as set out in in the Health Professions Management Act.
Courses available at the Faculty of Nursing and Physiotherapy